Noting Differences in Frequently Misperceived Words

by Addie Cusimano

Beginning readers and students with visual discrimination problems often confuse words that are similar. Some of the words that are most frequently misperceived are was and saw, this and that, when and then, where and there, and ever and every.

Visual Discrimination: Noting Differences in Frequently Misperceived Words was developed after years of research and work with beginning readers and students with visual discrimination weaknesses. This research resulted in identifying the most frequently misperceived words and determining the techniques that were most effective in developing visual discrimination.

This workbook is based on specific words that are most often misperceived by beginning readers and students with visual discrimination weaknesses. It is designed to teach students how to establish in their memory the differences between similar words so that reading these words accurately becomes an automatic response. Included in this workbook are a teacher’s manual and sixty (60) exercises presented in a developmental fashion, utilizing teaching techniques proven to be effective in expanding visual discrimination skills.


Addie Cusimano is an educational therapist who has been active in the field of education for more than thirty-five years. She earned a Bachelor of Science degree in Education with psychology as a concentration and a Master of Science degree in Education with reading as a concentration. She holds permanent New York and Pennsylvania State reading specialist and common branch subject teaching certificates. She worked as a classroom teacher and reading specialist for New York State public schools and was director, diagnostician, clinician and teacher for a learning center in upstate New York for seventeen years. Her educational experience has involved concentrated work in remedial, developmental and enrichment areas for preschool through college level students.

Ms. Cusimano has taken supplementary graduate courses in the field of learning disabilities and has done extensive independent research related to students with learning disabilities. Her book, Learning Disabilities: There is a Cure, based on her findings and research on the development of learning skills, has been recognized internationally. She has designed and published a teaching program for the development of visual memory of words, entitled Achieve: A Visual Memory Program, and a workbook, entitled Auditory Sequential Memory Workbook, for the development of auditory memory of numbers, letters and words. Ms. Cusimano’s teaching materials have proven to be highly successful in the development of essential learning skills. In addition, Ms. Cusimano was named to Marquis Who’s Who in American Education 1994/2007.

ISBN 978092776226
67 pages

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